3d model in python

10 Libraries To Build 3D Models in Python


Python has evolved into a versatile programming language, extending its reach beyond traditional domains into fields like 3D modeling and computer graphics.

Developers now have access to a variety of libraries that facilitate the creation and manipulation of 3D models.

We will explore 10 Python libraries for 3D modeling, providing code snippets to demonstrate their capabilities.

Applications of 3D Modeling

In recent years, 3D modeling has become an integral component across various industries, revolutionizing the way professionals approach design, visualization, and problem-solving.

The applications of 3D modeling have transcended traditional boundaries, impacting fields ranging from entertainment and architecture to healthcare and manufacturing.

Entertainment and Media

One of the most prominent applications of 3D modeling is in the realm of entertainment and media.

The film and gaming industries leverage advanced 3D modeling techniques to create lifelike characters, immersive environments, and breathtaking visual effects.

Studios use 3D modeling software to design intricate scenes, characters, and special effects, pushing the boundaries of what is visually achievable and enhancing the overall cinematic experience for audiences.

Architecture and Design

In the field of architecture and design, 3D modeling has become an indispensable tool for architects, interior designers, and urban planners.

Designers use 3D modeling software to create realistic and detailed representations of buildings and spaces, allowing clients to visualize concepts before construction begins.

This not only facilitates effective communication between stakeholders but also streamlines the design process, enabling architects to make informed decisions about aesthetics, functionality, and spatial arrangements.


3D modeling plays a crucial role in medical applications. Medical professionals utilize 3D models for surgical planning, medical training, and patient education.

Detailed anatomical models generated from medical imaging data assist surgeons in visualizing complex structures, planning procedures, and improving overall surgical precision.

Additionally, 3D-printed models have been employed for preoperative practice and as educational tools for both medical students and patients.

Manufacturing and Product Design

In the manufacturing and product design sectors, 3D modeling has transformed the prototyping and production processes.

Engineers and product designers use 3D modeling software to create virtual prototypes, enabling them to iterate quickly and efficiently.

This not only reduces the time and cost associated with physical prototyping but also allows for the exploration of design variations before committing to the manufacturing phase.

Additive manufacturing, such as 3D printing, has become a natural extension of 3D modeling in this context, enabling the creation of complex and customized components with precision.

Geospatial and Mapping

The geospatial and mapping industries also benefit significantly from 3D modeling applications.

Urban planners and GIS (Geographic Information System) professionals use 3D models to simulate and analyze urban landscapes, assess environmental impacts, and plan for sustainable development.

This technology aids in making informed decisions about infrastructure development, transportation systems, and land use, contributing to more efficient and resilient cities.

Libraries to Build 3D Models in Python


  • PyOpenGL is a Python binding to the OpenGL 3D graphics library, making it a powerful tool for creating 3D models and visualizations.
  • Example code snippet for a basic rotating cube using PyOpenGL:
from OpenGL.GL import *
from OpenGL.GLUT import *
from OpenGL.GLU import *

def draw_cube():

def display():
    glTranslatef(0, 0, -5)
    glRotatef(45, 1, 1, 0)

glutCreateWindow("PyOpenGL Cube")


  • MayaVi is a scientific data visualization tool that supports 3D plotting and visualization.
  • Example code snippet for a 3D surface plot using MayaVi:
from mayavi import mlab
import numpy as np

x, y = np.mgrid[-5:5:0.1, -5:5:0.1]
z = np.sin(np.sqrt(x**2 + y**2))

mlab.surf(x, y, z, colormap="viridis")


  • Blender is a popular open-source 3D content creation suite, and its Python API allows for extensive scripting.
  • Example code snippet for creating a simple cube in Blender:
import bpy



  • Tripy is a lightweight library for performing geometric operations on 2D and 3D triangles.
  • Example code snippet for calculating the area of a triangle using Tripy:
from tripy import triangulate

vertices = [(0, 0), (1, 0), (0, 1)]
triangles = triangulate(vertices)
area = sum(triangle.area for triangle in triangles)
print(f"Triangle area: {area}")


  • VPython is a library for 3D modeling and animation that simplifies the creation of 3D scenes.
  • Example code snippet for creating a rotating sphere using VPython:
from vpython import sphere, vector, rate

my_sphere = sphere(pos=vector(0, 0, 0), radius=1, color=vector(0.7, 0.7, 0.7))

while True:
    my_sphere.rotate(angle=0.01, axis=vector(1, 1, 0))


  • Trisurf is a library for plotting 3D surfaces from triangular meshes.
  • Example code snippet for creating a 3D surface plot using Trisurf:
import trisurf
import numpy as np

x, y = np.meshgrid(np.linspace(-5, 5, 100), np.linspace(-5, 5, 100))
z = np.sin(np.sqrt(x**2 + y**2))

trisurf.plot(x.flatten(), y.flatten(), z.flatten())


  • PyMesh is a powerful library for processing and generating 3D meshes.
  • Example code snippet for creating a tetrahedron mesh using PyMesh:
from pymesh import generate_tetrahedron

mesh = generate_tetrahedron()


  • Matplotlib, a popular plotting library, supports 3D plotting for visualizing mathematical functions and data.
  • Example code snippet for a 3D surface plot using Matplotlib:
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D
import numpy as np

fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot(111, projection='3d')

x, y = np.meshgrid(np.linspace(-5, 5, 100), np.linspace(-5, 5, 100))
z = np.sin(np.sqrt(x**2 + y**2))

ax.plot_surface(x, y, z, cmap='viridis')


  • Plotly is a Python graphing library that excels in creating interactive and visually appealing data visualizations.
  • Example code snippet for a 3D surface plot using Plotly:
import plotly.graph_objects as go
import numpy as np

# Create a 3D grid
x, y = np.meshgrid(np.linspace(-5, 5, 100), np.linspace(-5, 5, 100))

# Define a mathematical function (here, a 3D sine wave)
z = np.sin(np.sqrt(x**2 + y**2))

# Create a 3D surface plot
fig = go.Figure(data=[go.Surface(z=z, x=x, y=y)])
fig.update_layout(scene=dict(zaxis=dict(range=[-2, 2])))  # Optional: Set z-axis range


  • Pygame is a set of Python modules designed for writing video games, but it can also be used for simple 3D graphics.
  • Example code snippet for creating a rotating cube using Pygame:
import pygame
from pygame.locals import *
from OpenGL.GL import *
from OpenGL.GLU import *

vertices = (
    (1, -1, -1),
    (1, 1, -1),
    (-1, 1, -1),
    (-1, -1, -1),
    (1, -1, 1),
    (1, 1, 1),
    (-1, -1, 1),
    (-1, 1, 1)

edges = (
    (0, 1),
    (1, 2),
    (2, 3),
    (3, 0),
    (4, 5),
    (5, 6),
    (6, 7),
    (7, 4),
    (0, 4),
    (1, 5),
    (2, 6),
    (3, 7)

def draw_cube():
    for edge in edges:
        for vertex in edge:

def main():
    display = (800, 600)
    pygame.display.set_mode(display, DOUBLEBUF | OPENGL)
    gluPerspective(45, (display[0] / display[1]), 0.1, 50.0)
    glTranslatef(0.0, 0.0, -5)

    while True:
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT:

        glRotatef(1, 3, 1, 1)



We have explored the applications of 3D modeling and 10 libraries for building 3D models with Python, each offering unique features and capabilities.

Whether you are interested in scientific visualization, game development, or mathematical modeling, these libraries provide a range of tools to suit your needs.

Experiment with these code snippets to kickstart your journey into the fascinating world of 3D modeling with Python.